Pelvic Exam Procedure

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Your Pelvic Exam


A pelvic examination is a complete physical exam of a woman's pelvic organs camera by a health professional. A pelvic exam helps a health professional evaluate the size and position of the vagina, cervix, uterus, and ovaries. It is an important part of preventive health care for all adult women. A pelvic exam is done to help detect certain cancers in their early stages, infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), or other reproductive system problems.

Why It Is Done

A pelvic exam may be done:

* As part of a woman's regular physical checkup. A Pap test may be done during the pelvic exam. For more information, see the medical test Pap Test.

* To detect vaginal infections, such as yeast infections or bacterial vaginosis.

* To help detect sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia, herpes, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, or human papillomavirus (HPV).

* To help determine the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding.

* To evaluate pelvic organ abnormalities, such as uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, or uterine prolapse.

* To evaluate abdominal or pelvic pain.

* Before prescribing a method of birth control (contraception). Some methods of birth control, such as a diaphragm or intrauterine device, require a pelvic exam to make sure the device fits properly.

Other procedures such as a digital rectal exam may be done during your pelvic exam.



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